The Gender Wage Gap by Occupation
by Ariane Hegewisch, Claudia Williams, Vanessa Harbin (April 2012)
Women’s median earnings are lower than men’s in nearly all occupations, whether they work in occupations predominantly done by women, occupations predominantly done by men, or occupations with a more even mix of men and women. This study was done for the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/the-gender-wage-gap-by-occupation-1)
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They say we only measure what we value. Looking at the almost total absence of measure of women’s work in the informal and care economy in the Middle East, one can not help but realize the enormous bulk of work women do goes unnoticed, under valued and unrecognized. In this framework, the Collective for Research and Training on Development – Action is organizing a seminar on women’s informal work in Lebanon. If you’re interested in joining us this Saturday, 12th of May, from 9 to 14 at the YWCA of Lebanon offices in Ain el Mreisseh, kindly send an expression of interest, along with your organization and some information about yourself either to Paola Daher email@example.com or to Nathalie Chemaly firstname.lastname@example.org. We hope to see you there!
Women in the Informal and Care Economy: An Issue Too Often Overlooked
Since women working in the informal and care economy are not to be found in national statistics, they are rarely targeted by formal development projects, thus seldom benefiting from any public investment (in training, education or health), although NGOs are largely active with them, especially at the micro level. On the other hand, because of their “invisibility”, these women tend to largely be left behind by women’s advocacy NGOs, who generally take up more visible causes. Moreover, laws need to be reviewed and reformed in order to guarantee and protect women’s economic rights from discrimination and to reinforce women’s economic rights and programmes. The proposed project rationale argues that addressing and promoting women’s role in the economy is crucial for challenging gender inequalities and for contributing to women’s sustainable livelihoods. The Sustainable Economic Opportunities for Women – 2 Project (SEOW2) is being supported by Oxfam Novib and coordinated by the Collective for Research and Training on Development in Lebanon. It has regional partners in Morocco, Jordan and Egypt working on it.
In this perspective, SEOW2 aims at spotlighting women’s invisible economic participation in order to make it valuable and to challenge gender power relations.
Strategies and Activities
SEWO2 initiative will address the promotion of economic rights and participation through:
– Action-oriented research: one research paper per country;
– Direct capacity-building interventions at the grassroots and community levels: trainings on women economic empowerment, networking and policy dialogue methods;
– Policy dialogue with governments and international institutions, knowledge exchange between various stakeholders leading in a latter stage to regional campaigning and advocacy;
– Communication and knowledge dissemination – e-newsletters, country and regional issue briefs.